It’s a breakthrough year for universities based in mainland China, as two of its institutions have broken into the Top 100 for the first time in this year’s Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), which was released on Monday.
Last year, both universities had just missed making the coveted top 100.
Screenshot via Shanghai Ranking.
They join the University of Melbourne, the University of Queensland, the Australian National University, and the University of Western Australia, making it a record total of six Australian universities in the top 100 club.
— Universities Aust. (@uniaus) August 15, 2016
Since its inception in 2003, the ranking’s top spots have remained largely unchanged, only shuffling among the same big names, with U.S. universities dominating. This year, around half of the Top 100 comprises U.S. institutions.
Harvard University ranked as the world’s number one university for the 14th consecutive year, while Stanford University also maintained its second place position.
— Paul Greatrix (@registrarism) August 15, 2016
The ARWU, also known as Shanghai Ranking, is put together by the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy and ranks universities purely on their research output, putting emphasis on papers in the fields of science, math, and medicine over other disciplines, which some universities have criticized.
According to the consultancy, it uses “objective indicators” to determine the ranking, including factors like how many members of staff and alumni have won Nobel prizes or Fields medals, as well as the volume of articles published in prominent academic journals such as Nature and Science.
The consultancy looks at over 1,200 universities across the world, narrowing it down to the best 500 universities, which are published in the annual ranking.
Image via Flickr